The 5 Basic Stages of Winemaking Operation

Starting a winery business is not an easy task to do. You need to secure a lot of time, money, and effort. Although it entails a lot of hard work to do, investing in this type of business if handled properly will surely bring you a brighter future ahead. In fact, the whole process of producing and developing a wine undergoes a careful procedure that everyone must consider.

Ideally, one of the most popular wines that are produced in a winery business is red wines. The science and artistry behind the process of producing a bottle of red wine is delicate and complicated. Actually, even with the modernization of machineries that helps the production of wines easy and efficient, there are still basic and necessary steps that every winemaker must do.

Hence, in achieving a perfect color and taste, a winemaker must have gut instincts and expertise to come up with an authentic red wine. Thus, in this article, we’d like to help you understand the basic stages you must adhere to create a perfect taste of red wine. This will ensure you that as soon as you start up or rebuilding your winery business, your return of an investment will be a piece of cake.


This is the most important part of the winemaking process. You have to set the proper timing and season when harvesting the grapefruits. Regardless if you all have the machinery and the complete tool to produce a bottle of wine, creating that perfect taste is not achieved if the grapefruits don’t possess the right sweetness and acidity. The taste of the grapes should be balanced all the time.

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In harvesting the grapes, it must be done either using a machine or by hand. They are all gathered then sorted to make sure that good qualities are separated from unripe and rotten ones. Lastly, you also need to take note of the weather when harvesting these fruits as it might also affect the productivity of your work.
Once the harvesting and sorting procedures are all complete, it undergoes a process called pressing. In this stage, the grapes are de-stemmed and separated individually so they are fully prepared for crushing. Actually, some vineyards are still practicing the traditional way of crushing the grapes using feet, but in this case, we’ll look into the modern machinery that each vineyard is using as Sokolin fine red wines winery does.

The pressing of the grapes involved crushing the fruit which generates unfiltered juice and with seeds and kins included into it which is ready to take the next procedure.


Wines also undergo fermentation stages like beers and other alcoholic beverages. The fermentation stage it undergoes should be natural where winemakers should add cultured yeast in order to start the fermenting of crushed grapes. The cultured yeast will allow the crushed grapes to convert its natural sugar into alcohol.

Technically, the whole fermentation process can last up to 10 days or up until a few months. The yeast added to it should be measured thoroughly by the winemakers because it will be the basis of the flavor and color of the wine being produced.


Once the fermentation process is complete, the clarifying stage comes after. In this process, the juice is being freed and clarified from any skins, solid particles, and seeds that are included during the whole process. The yeast that is dead is also filtered to make sure that everything is cleared out before they will pass to the next stage. Once everything is clarified, it will be stored in stainless steel tanks or oak barrels.

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These barrels and tanks are regularly cleaned before the final juice are being stored to make sure that no other entities are included when the wine is processed for bottling and no other component or floating particles are seen. It is also sanitized to maintain proper hygiene since wine is a staple drink that people are directly taking.

Bottling and Aging

This is the final stage of the winemaking process. In this process, there are two options for every winemaker to choose from. Once it is cleared and stored in tanks and barrels, they can bottle it immediately or the other one is that they can age it for additional time to come up with premier and exquisite taste. If it is being bottled immediately, then each wine is delivered to wholesalers to it can be displayed in store racks. If you take the second option, then the additional process is taken for a more complex wine flavor production.

Additionally, choosing to age the wine will help reduce the tannin content in which the fruity flavor of each wine comes up. This is because of the oxygen being exposed to the wood barrel that will help enhance its flavor.

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